July 20, 2023
In July, 2023, a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack brought down several government websites in Kenya. The attack targeted the websites of the Ministry of Interior, the National Treasury, and the Kenya Revenue Authority.
The DDoS attack was carried out by a group of hackers who called themselves “The Black Hands.” The hackers claimed that they were attacking the government websites in retaliation for the government’s crackdown on dissent.
The DDoS attack lasted for several hours and caused significant disruption to government services. The websites that were targeted were unavailable to users, and government employees were unable to access their work emails and other online resources.
The government responded to the attack by taking the affected websites offline and working to mitigate the damage. The websites were eventually restored, but the attack highlighted the vulnerability of government websites to cyberattacks.
What is a DDoS attack?
A DDoS attack is a type of cyberattack that floods a website or server with so much traffic that it becomes unavailable to legitimate users. The attack is carried out by a network of computers, known as a botnet, that are infected with malware. The malware instructs the computers to send a constant stream of requests to the target website, which eventually overwhelms the website’s servers and brings them down.
How did the DDoS attack on Kenyan government websites work?
The Black Hands hackers used a technique known as a volumetric DDoS attack to bring down the government websites. In a volumetric DDoS attack, the hackers flood the target website with a large number of requests. These requests can be made from a variety of sources, including infected computers, hijacked servers, and even IoT devices.
The sheer volume of requests overwhelms the website’s servers and brings them down. In the case of the Kenyan government websites, the hackers used a botnet of over 100,000 infected computers to send a constant stream of requests to the websites.
What were the consequences of the DDoS attack?
The DDoS attack on Kenyan government websites had a number of consequences. First, it caused significant disruption to government services. The websites that were targeted were unavailable to users, and government employees were unable to access their work emails and other online resources.
Second, the attack highlighted the vulnerability of government websites to cyberattacks. Governments are increasingly relying on online services to deliver essential services to citizens. However, these services are also vulnerable to cyberattacks.
Third, the attack raised concerns about the security of Kenya’s national infrastructure. The government websites that were targeted are critical infrastructure that are essential for the smooth functioning of the government. The attack showed that these websites are vulnerable to cyberattacks, which could have a significant impact on the country’s economy and security.
What can be done to prevent DDoS attacks?
There are a number of things that can be done to prevent DDoS attacks. These include:
The DDoS attack on Kenyan government websites was a significant event that highlighted the vulnerability of government websites to cyberattacks. The attack also raised concerns about the security of Kenya’s national infrastructure. It is important for governments to take steps to prevent DDoS attacks and to protect their critical infrastructure from cyberattacks.
In addition to the measures mentioned above, governments can also take the following steps to prevent DDoS attacks:
By taking these steps, governments can help to protect their websites and critical infrastructure from DDoS attacks.
What can an individual do to help protect themselves from such kind of malicious attacks?
By following these tips, you can help to protect yourself from cyberattacks, including DDoS attacks.
In addition to these tips, here are some additional things that individuals can do to ensure their cybersecurity:
By following these tips, you can help to protect yourself from cyberattacks and keep your personal information safe